WSU Extension

Lincoln-Adams 4-H Youth Development

Livestock News

Key Links:

Lamb Finish Tip Sheet & Video

Testing for Poultry Exhibits and new Disease Outbreak

Swine PED Virus

Publication: Working with Youth Who Market Livestock

Lincoln County State Fair Livestock Judging

The Senior and Intermediate qualifiers and alternates for the 4-H livestock judging contests at the 2014 WA State Fair are listed on the Judging Contest Page. There were no (East) Adams County qualifiers.


Important Check List for Livestock Exhibiotrs

The Washington State Health Department recently sent a Biosecurity for Fairs/Exhibits Check List and other information to shows and fairs across Washington.
PLEASE SHARE this information with ALL of your livestock project members who plan to exhibit animals at any show or fair.

Checklist     WA Zoonotic Disease Laws (Pet owners, Animal Exhhibits)

Lincoln and Adams WA 4-H leaders and members who are unable to download the checklist can request a hard copy from the Lincoln-Adams Extension Office. Karen at (509) 659-3209.

Livestock Questions

On July 29th, 2013, after 30+ years on the WSU faculty, Tom Platt, Area Livestock & Range Extension Educator based in Davenport, WA, retired.

WSU Extension will continue to support the education and research for youth and adults involved in livestock raising and production. For Lincoln & Adams residents unable to find answers to your questions in 4-H curriculum or from research-based sources on-line, you are welcome to contact the extension office. We will connect you with appropriate WSU Extension specialists and/or resources.

Two WSU Extension Contacts for Livestock Questions:

Sarah Smith ~ 509-754-2011 ext 413

Don Llewellyn ~ 509-735-3551

Appropriate livestock related notices, information, and links will continue to be posted to this Lincoln-Adams WSU web site.


Right from the Start: Safety Awareness for the Next Generation of Livestock Producers

Videos & supplemental materials HERE.

NEW Livestock Pests Study Guide

Good resource for 4-H'ers doing presentations on livestock pests and for producers interested in descriptions and life cycles of livestock pests. It does not provide specific pesticide recommendations.



Pork Quality Assurance (PQA)
Classes & Testing

Most Fairs require PQA certification for exhibitors showing/selling swine. Some fairs, including the Wheat Land Communities Fair, require PQA training/certification for ALL market animal species exhibitors .

Youth Pork Quality Assurance Training Also Available On-Line.
The National Pork Board has launched a revised version of Youth Pork Quality Assurance (PQA) Plus, which includes an online training option.  This will allow youth to go through the program at their own pace or in place of attending a face-to-face training or taking the pass-out test at the Grant/Adams Extension office.
         Training is available for youth age 8 – 19 based on their age on January 1 of the certification year. Parents can register to manage their children’s training (parental registration is required for youth age 8 - 12). Or children 13 – 19 can self-register.
Ø All registered users of the site MUST HAVE A UNIQUE EMAIL. If a family shares an email, the parent should register and manage all children’s training through the parent account.
Ø Once the YOUTH has signed up for/activated an online training session, they will have 30 days to complete the training.
Ø Youth who are in the intermediate and advanced age brackets will be presented an exam. The youth will have three opportunities to achieve a 70% or better score to pass the exam. This is a closed book exam.  This is the Pass-Out Exam
Ø For Intermediate and Advanced, the certification expiration date will be calculated based on their age in their bracket. Maximum length of certificate could be three years, at minimum a youth will earn a one year certificate.
o See the Minimum Standards document at for an explanation of how expiration dates are calculated based on age/test out.
The link for the on-line PQA training is

Sarah M. Smith
Extension Regional Specialist--Animal Sciences
WSU Grant-Adams Extension
PO Box 37, Courthouse
Ephrata, WA 98823
Phone: (509) 754-2011, Ext. 413
(800) 572-0119 (toll free in Washington)

On-farm workshops assess costly disease risk in beef


MOUNT VERNON, Wash. – Free, voluntary, on-farm assessments will continue through March to help beef cow-calf producers across the state reduce the risk a deadly respiratory disease poses to their herds. Continue reading


Videos for Beef Producers

Low-Stress Cattle Handling Review

This video is worth waiting for it to load!

It is a review of Washington State University Extension Low-Stress Cattle Handling training seminars featuring nationally recognized cattle handling expert and veterinarian Dr. Tom Noffsinger from Benkelman, Nebraska. The video features 8 sessions concerning the training; the importance & interest in low-stress handling; working with cattle instinct and natural behavior; how to greet cattle; how to communicate with cattle; preparing and training cattle; unloading a truck/trailer; and moving cattle in Bud Box. The video summaries low-stress handling concepts and techniques and shows animated computer graphic illustrations, and live cattle handling videos highlighting these concepts and techniques. The video is a result of funding from a WSU Extension Western Center for Risk Management.

Individuals can request a DVD copy sent to them or download information from Project Director Sarah M. Smith, WSU Extension Regional Specialist at

Working with Youth Who Market Livestock

We are excited and delighted to share with you a new resource developed by WSU Extension Educator, Susan Kerr, on the very human youthful challenges and considerations when young people become involved in a livestock market project. 
Check out the following new fact sheet from WSU Ext. Publications: 
FS112E, Preparing Youth for the Sale of their Market Livestock Project. 

Junior Livestock Show of Spokane

Information is available at

Market Livestock Health Forms

Remember to take a Market Livestock Health Form with you when you PURCHASE your animal! That way you won't have to track down the person who sold you your animal right before Fair!

Health Records         More explanation

If You Have a Question:

  • About your 4-H project or policy - ask your leader or refer to the WA State 4-H Development Program Policy
  • About the health of your animal - ask your veterinarian
  • About Fair entry/animal management requirements- contact the specific Fair. (Fairs/sales may have livestock management period requirements longer than the minimum required in the WA State 4-H Policy)
  • About general livestock or range management - (Spokane-Lincoln-Adams area) contact Tom Platt, WSU Extension - 509-725-4171.

Livestock and Horse Mortality Insurance

In 2013, Tom Platt, WSU Extension Livestock & Range Management Educator, provided some information on Livestock & Horse Insurance. The contact information in this article was updated in the fall of 2013. There may be other insurance companies that offer policies.

Grange Insurance no longer offers relatively inexpensive policies for project animals. Last year two companies that offered livestock and horse mortality insurance for project animals in the LIncoln-Adams WA area were: The Hartford and Country Mutual Insurance Company.

Please note: Reference to commercial services, non-4-H activities, products or trade names is made with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement by WSU Extension or 4-H is implied. This information is for your convenience only. There are links to external sites which are not managed by WSU Extension. Furthermore, WSU Extension does not review, control or take responsibility for the content of these sites, nor do these sites implicitly or explicitly represent official positions and policies of WSU Extension.

Hartford: Marsha Tesky of Sloan Levitt in Ritzville provided information about Hartford. You can contact her at 509-659-0772 to find out what is currently available. Hartford's livestock insurance web site is , where you can find application forms and contact information for other Hartford agents. Because Hartford has a minimum premium of $250, its policies are best suited for more valuable livestock and horses.

Country Mutual: November 2013 contact in Moses Lake is Juli Rasmussen - at 509-766-9197 web site They have a limited supply of Youth Project Live­stock Insurance Blue Ribbon Policy packets on hand.

USDA Food Safety Inspection Drug Residue Testing

August 1, 2012

USDA Food Safety Inspection Service (FSIS) will initiate new drug residue testing methods on livestock presented for slaughter beginning this week.

The new testing methods allow FSIS to test for a wider variety of pharmaceuticals and other compounds used in livestock production and to do it more quickly and more accurately.  FSIS inspectors are required to take random residue tests at the packing plant, and they also have the authority to target specific groups of livestock from certain farms or fairs that have a history of, or higher likelihood violative residues (chemical residue in meat that violate the law) than other livestock.

Although residue testing normally applies to animals slaughtered in Federally inspected plants, the law requires all livestock producers to employ proper use of animal pharmaceuticals and compounds and to observe withdrawal times specified on the product label whether or not the animals will be slaughtered under federal inspection or in custom plants that are not federally inspected.

Click on this article from WSU Director of Veterinary Extension, Dr. Dale Moore,  gives more information on this topic. 4-H'ers who participate in a Pork Quality Assurance workshop (teaching materials are online here and here) or Dr. Moore's 4-H Quality Assurance module, also online, will better understand the violative drug residue issue and why it is so important to the livestock industry and the public's perception of the healthfulness of meat.

Dedicating a 4-H meeting or two to this topic is a great idea.

Quick Links


Health Records




Livestock & Feed Prices

With the current high purchase prices for livestock as well as high feed prices, 4-H members, parents and leaders may need a little help to evaluate the economics of 4-H and FFA market livestock projects. Tom Platt has developed a "Market Livestock Calculator." It should be used as a planning tool prior to beginning the project, and again to evaluate the project after it is completed.
Click HERE


Promo for WSU Animal Sciences Program


E. Coli: Current Perspectives on Cattle, Produce, and Human Health - part 4

Does What We Feed Cattle Have an Effect on 0157 Shedding?


Presenter, David Smith, DVM, PhD, Professor, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, has studied the relationship of feedlot cattle and E coli O157:H7 shedding. He focuses this presentation on the role that cattle diet may or may not affect shedding rates in cattle and debunks some myths about the role of grain feeding.

Part of a series of WSU Extension Videos from the CAHNRS You Tube Channel


Farm-a-cology Presentation

Click HERE for presentation

Interactive power point presentation, created by Dale Moore, DVM, MPVM, PhD, Washington State University, with audio voice over. Highlighted are some of the more common ‘mistakes’ that are made that can lead to meat and milk residues.

Online Training Module:
Housing Environments


Housing Environments Module: “Providing clean and comfortable environments to optimize livestock health and well being.”
The third online training module offered through Veterinary Medicine Extension for 4-H Volunteer Leaders who work with youth livestock projects is now on-line!

The Housing Environments Module is intended specifically for volunteer leaders and provides training, resources, and ideas to help prepare volunteer leaders to teach youth about livestock housing environments. This course was created in response to increasing concern over livestock health and welfare in this country and emphasizes the importance of optimizing housing environments to ensure 4-H livestock health and well being in Washington State, while promoting human health and environmental stewardship. We hope you find the content to be useful and that you will bring these concepts to youth in your county.

If you are interested in participating in the training please select a link from the options below:

  • You can access information on this and other training modules through the Veterinary Medicine Extension site here.
  • To Register:
    - Is this your first time taking a course with us? Click here to register.

    Have you already taken a course from Vet Med Extension?
       Login for the course here.

Animal Ag Team e-Newsletter

The latest newsletter from the WSU Extension Washington Animal Agriculture Team posted on-ine ist the Winter 2013 Quarterly Newsletter.

Topics covered in the spring newsletter include: Feeding Consideration for Livestock Owners, Feeding the Pregnant Cow for Optimal Calf Health, The Importance of Alfalfa and Alfalfa Variety Testing, and more.

Previous newsletters and other resouces are HERE.

Lincoln-Adams residents unable to download the newsletter can contact Contact Karen at 659-3209 to receive a hard copy.

Market Livestock Calculator for 4-H & FFA

Before he retired, Tom Platt designed a calculator to help youngsters and their families evaluate the economics of 4-H and FFA market livestock projects is available. It should be used as a planning tool prior to beginning the project, and again to evaluate the project after it is completed. CLICK HERE

Longer Article by Sara M Smith

As we all are aware the basic costs of living has increased significantly in the past few years and many individuals have also faced difficult economic times during this time.   The cost to raise agriculture commodities (corn, hay, potatoes, wheat, cattle, sheep, pigs, and goats) has also risen significantly in the past few years as equipment purchases/upkeep, feed, and fuel prices continue to rise.  With these increased prices and depressed livestock prices, producers are experiencing a very tight profit margin and profit losses in the livestock industry. 

So what does that mean for youth looking forward to being involved in a market animal project —It means two (2) things:  1) Youth and their parents cannot expect to pay the same amount for a project animal, feed, equipment, etc. as you paid 20 years ago, 2 years ago, or even a year ago.  The cost to produce those product, be it a animal, feed, or equipment, has increased—so expect to pay more for them; and 2)  Youth need to set down with their parents, leaders, and/or advisors and identify their resources, goals and production/show alternatives for being involved with a 4-H/FFA market animal project.  Both youth and parents need to develop a plan for purchasing and raising a market animal that fits into their budget.

I don’t want to be accused of saying that the only reason to take a 4-H/FFA project animal is to make money—there are many important life skills that can be developed/learned from raising a food animal—responsibility, leadership, compassion, etc.  However, in addition to these life skills, sound financial decision making is a critical life skill youth need to develop for future economic and personal success and satisfaction.  Today, U.S. consumer debt is at an all time high and delinquency on credit card debt in American is at shocking rates.

For these reason—I challenge parents, exhibitors, and leaders\advisors to evaluate and review economic goals and financial losses or gains.  Tom Platt, WSU Extension Educator from the Lincoln/Adams/Spokane Area, has developed an Excel spreadsheet youth can use to calculate expected expenses and income.  The electronic publication, Youth Market Livestock Profit Calculator, is designed to help youth livestock producers and their families evaluate the economics of 4-H and FFA market livestock projects.  It should be used as a planning tool prior to beginning the project and again to evaluate the project after it is completed.  Even if parents or another person purchases feed or parts of the projects, calculate those expenses against your income.  In addition, calculate what your animal was “really” worth using the “true market value” (the turned or floor value)—that is the price most of our livestock producers are receiving for the animals they are producing to feed the world.  This will help everyone recognize the real world value of food animals and of the “generous gift” you are receiving when you sell your animal through the 4-H/FFA program.

Click HERE for The Youth Market Livestock Profit Calculator

Check out these On-line training modules for 4-H Livestock Project Volunteers

There is a Quality Assurance Module! It introduces the subject of quality assurance and why it is important for youth to meet quality assurance standards while raising 4-H livestock. Youth who raise livestock take on a producer role in the food supply continuum which includes the responsibility of providing safe and wholesome products for consumers. This module is a great way to learn about quality assurance while motivating leaders to equip youth livestock producers!

The Disease Prevention Module covers bio-security practices and how they can be used to reduce the risk of contracting and spreading diseases while raising 4-H livestock. It is a great way to learn disease prevention while providing you with inspiration and teaching ideas so you can bring these concepts to youth in your county! If you have no or slow internet access, this module is also on a DVD that Lincoln-Adams volunteers can check out by contacting Karen or call 659-3209 or 725-4171.

For these training modules and more resources:

(preferred method). For those with no or slow internet access, a DVD of training is available from the Extension Office. Lincoln-Adams volunteers can contact Karen or call 659-3209 or 725-4171.

Market Livestock Health Issues


The WSU Veterinary Medicine Extension site is a good place to visit for up to date information related to ag. animal health.

Livestock Roundup

Issues of the Livestock Roundup , published by WSU's Washington Animal Ag Team, is available online at

This electronic newsletter is published by the Central Washington Animal Agriculture Team, comprised of Washington State University Extension educators in the fields of animal science, range management, agronomy, and entomology.

Market Livestock Health Forms

Don't wait till Fair Time to fill out your QA Marktet Health Form!! Take a blank form with you when your PURCHASE your animal!

The Market Animal Health Record Forms, revised in 2008, satisfy most Fair Livestock Sale QA Health Record and.Country of Origin Labeling, (COOL) record requiements

Click HERE for QA Market Health Records

USDA requires that retail meat (beef, pork, lamb, goat meat, and chicken) be certified by the retailer as to its country of origin. In order to do so, retailers will obtain affidavits certifying country of origin of all meat they purchase from wholesalers, which most often are USDA inspected packing plants. In turn, USDA inspected packing plants require an Affidavit of Country of Origin for all livestock they purchase. This USDA rule has some effect on 4-H market livestock, especially those destined for the retail meat trade. Sellers need to provide an Affidavit of Country of Origin to buyers. 4-H livestock that is sold directly to end users (mom, grandpa, Uncle Jim, Jerry’s Tire Company, etc.) for custom slaughter does not need an Affidavit of Country of Origin, since it will not be sold at retail. On the other hand, “turn” animals often are sold to a commercial packing plant. Since the final destination of 4-H market animals sold at the Fair or Junior Show often is not known, 4-H’ers should be prepared to provide buyers an Affidavit of Country of Origin for all beef, pigs, lambs, goats, and chickens they plan to sell.

In order to provide an Affidavit of Country of Origin, 4-H’ers should do the following:

  1. Obtain an Affidavit of Country of Origin from the person from whom you purchase or obtain your meat animals. (You can use the revised Market Health Records) Keep a copy of this affidavit for one year after you sell the meat animals. Furnish the seller an Affidavit of Country of Origin (or Market Health Record) if they don’t have one.
  2. When you sell meat animals, provide buyers with your own Affidavit of Country of Origin.( Market Health Records) (Keep a record of this affidavit for one year following the sale. In order to certify the country of origin of meat animals you sell, you must have first hand knowledge of their origin. First hand knowledge means that you produced these animals or that you obtained an Affidavit of Country of Origin for them when you obtained them.

4-H’ers who raise their own meat animals should originate the Affidavit of Country of Origin.

Meat animals participating in the National Animal Identification System (NAIS) need no Affidavit of Country of Origin, since NAIS participation is considered proof of country of origin.

COOL Affidavit & Explanation (PDF)     Word
COOL Affidavit Only (PDF)      Word

Reminder: Most Fairs will be using the WSU Health Record forms which satisfy both Quality Assurance and COOL Affidavit/record keeping requirements.

If you have questions:
e-mail Tom Platt or call 509-725-4171
Questions? Contact Tom Platt: e-mail or call 509-725-4171
More Info on COOL (pdf)



Bovine Resources
Beef & Dairy resources from the WSU Extension Veterinary Medicine site:
Click HERE

Show Steer Feeding Hand-Out
Here is a hand-out for 4-H Beef Project Members.
Click HERE


Fairs & Shows

Be sure to check with management of Fairs or shows you plan to enter as early as possible. Each event may have their own enrollment, residence, ownership, certification or other requirements and deadlines.

Click HERE for more Fair Info

Fair can be a stressful time

8/7/07 - Sarah M. Smith
Fairs are not only stressful for exhibitors, but can be extremely stressful on the animals.  Considering the fact that most animals at the fair have never been off the farm or hauled extensively prior to these events, it always amazes me how well they handle all the adversity—We all as stewards of our animals should try to handle stress in such a positive manner.  It is important for exhibitors, parents, and leaders to manage potential stress factors:

  1. Anticipate potential stress factors,
  2. Minimize these stress factors or their potential impact,
  3. Recognize when these stress factors have impacted an animal, and
  4. React to stress factors by treating animals and/or changing management of the stress factor.

Some of the stress factors that can compromise an animal’s health and the ability to maintain health are: travel, confinement, temperature/humidity changes, nutritional changes (both diet and water supply), contact with animals and other pathogen (disease) challenges, activity requirements (transportation, grooming, and showing), and excessive handling by outside individuals.

Win a 4-H pencil! e-mail Karen if you read this!

State Fair Livestock Judging Contest Teams
Click HERE for team qualification information. The list of Lincoln and Adams County 4-H members who qualified for the Livestock Judging Contest at the WA State Fair in Puyallup will be posted in early August.

Safe Fairs
Please read this letter(Click Here) and watch the video concerning fair volunteer efforts to protect people, livestock, and the food supply.

Take precaustions to prevent the spread of swine flu MORE




Judging Contests

Lincoln-Adams 4-H'ers please note: Single species judging contests are great opportunities to practice judging & decision making skills. However, to qualify for State Fair Livestock Judging - contests must include beef, sheep AND swine. The extension office must receive complete results from 4-H Judging Contests to be counted towards qualification for State Fair. More Info

On-Line Livestock Judging Practice

Revised 3/4/14
Lincoln-Adams and Spokane County 4-H'ers have access a great, on-line livestock judging web site:  Elite Livestock Judging, / where 4-H youngsters and adults can sharpen their livestock judging skills. Tom Platt recently renewed the subscription to this web site for Lincoln-Adams and Spokane 4-H.

Because the tutorials are short video clips, a high speed internet connection is necessary to view them.  DSL, wireless, or satellite connection should work fine, but dial-up connections will not.  If you don't have a high speed internet connection at home, try the school, library, or a friend in town.

Elite Livestock Judging was kind enough to let our entire Lincoln-Adams-Spokane area 4-H livestock program register for a single subscription fee.  So that this courtesy is not abused, I ask that all of you to do your best to keep the login credentials within our two counties. Log-in information was sent to the Lincoln-Adams 4-H Listserve. If you did not receive, and are an enrolled Lincoln or Adams 4-H member or leader, contact Karen Robertson for the Login email and password.

We hope you enjoy Elite Livestock Judging. Let us hear from you about your experience with the web site.

4/18/12 Additonal Livestock Judging Resources

Here is a list of additional Livestock Judging Resources.

Word (doc)        PDF


About Judging
 Judging Contests: Learning About Judging by Katrina Walker (PDF)

Livestock Judging Contest Videos
To see some short beef heifer and meat goat juding videos - start HERE


WSU Veterinary Extension Newsletter

Dr. Dale Moore, Director of the WSU Veterinary Medicine Extension program has introduced a valuable resource for individuals engaged in animal agriculture, animal owners and the general public. There is extremely timely and valuable animal health information included in each newsletter. To register, please go to the following URL:


FSA Youth Loan Program

If you need assistance to fund your fair animal or 4-H project, Farm Service agency can help you.   We provide low interest loans for projects supervised by an advisor or leader and supported by your parent.    This program is beneficial as it teaches fiscal accountability and financial planning along with establishing a credit history. 

Click HERE for more  

Club Meeting Idea: Make a Rope Halter

Use this revised publication at a livestock project meeting: Make a Rope Halter (pdf)
(provided by Tom Platt, formatted by Marge Schoessler)
If you can't open or want multiple copies for your meeting,
E-mail Karen Robertson or call 659-3209.

Great Activity for Clubs or Groups
Topic: Resiliency
Susan Kerr
Hi everyone—here is a brief activity we developed for our livestock youth, but it is applicable to all youth. As you approach show season, you might find an opportunity to use this activity to help youth appreciate the value of resiliency. Feel free to adapt this activity however you need to for your audience.

Activity Word       Activity PDF

Susan R. Kerr, DVM, PhD
WSU Extension Director-Klickitat County


High Feed Cost Impacts 4-H/FFA Livestock Projects
Many 4-H and FFA youth involved with livestock market projects must contend with high feed prices. It is important for youth, parents, leaders, and advisors to expect feed prices to remain high and be prepared to factor these additional costs into raising project animals.

Click HERE for Article has good information, even though it was written a couple of years ago.

Beef, Sheep, Swine, Goat, Horse References

Lots of misc. references, fact sheets, and newsletters are available from the WSU Central WA Animal Agricultural Team at:

Info for 4-H/Youth Producers:

4-H On-line Animal Project Videos

Jefferson County 4-H posts short video and audio clips on their web site. If you have high speed internet, click over to this page for their collection of media related to 4-H animal projects:
Selections include:
- Judging beef heifers
- Judging meat goats
- Insights on the 4-H horse project from a judge
- More!
To see more Jefferson County 4-H web media, go to their home page at:

Animal Premise Identification

The Washington Department of Agriculture (WSDA) is encourages all livestock producers, including small farms and youth producers, to register their premise as part of the voluntary National Animal Identification System (NAIS). Click HERE For for more information.

Animal Disease Traceability

On February 5, 2010, USDA announced a new, flexible framework for animal disease traceability in the United States.

The framework will provide the basic tenets of an improved animal disease traceability capability in the United States. 


Taking your animal off the farm?

Taking your animal to a workshop, clinic, or show, may be a good way to get hands-on practice prior to a fair. And the fair experience, may be one of your primary goals. However, there are Health Risks. The commingling of animals of different species, breeds, and ages, from multiple premises and herd management backgrounds creates an environment for potential exposure and spread of animal diseases. Responsible animal owners need to implement practices before, during, and after clinics, fairs, & sales to protect their animals. Check with your leader or veterinarian for advice on taking YOUR specific animal(s) to events.

Please review the WSDA- BioSecurity Checklist for Livestock Exhibitors.

Washington 4-H Program Policy

Washington State University Extension revised and updated Washington 4-H Program Policy, publication EM0758 in July 2008. This publication outlines Washington 4-H program and mission and also defines the procedureand policy for membership, organization of 4-H clubs, types of enrollment, volunteer staff, activity and events requirements, animal management and ownership, safety, and relationship with other organizations. This is an excellent publication to have on hand to answer questions pertaining to enrollment eligibility, fund raising requirements, and equirements concerning the management and ownership of livestock. Please discard old versions of this publication and take time to review this updated version.

Download :
Or Li-Adams 4-H leaders & members may contact Karen at or 659-3209 for a copy.


Bursal Disease Outbreak
3/11/14 - A very virulent disease of chickens (Infectious Bursal Disease) has been detected for the first time in Washington. If you gather chickens for any reason (club meetings, clinics, shows, blood draws, etc.), please be sure to have good biosecurity measures in place. These include not co-mingling birds from different premises, washing hands between handling different birds, cleaning and disinfection of inspection tables to prevent the spread of disease and not exhibiting sick birds.

In California, Dr. Maurice Pitesky (University of California, Davis, Cooperative Extension poultry specialist) has reported that transmission has been linked to exhibition poultry purchased from Craig's list. Information on vvIBDV can be found at the California CVMA and WSU AHFS lab facebook web sites below.

3/14/14 News Release


Pullorum Testing for Fair Poultry Exhibits

3/10/14 - Salmonella pullorum causes a serious disease of poultry called Pullorum.  This disease can kill chickens, turkeys, and other birds; young birds are especially at risk.  Those birds that survive carry the disease and can pass it to other birds, even passing the disease to their young through infected eggs.  The bacteria is also spread when birds inhale infected dust or contact infected incubators shipping materials, brooders or any areas where infected birds have been.  Thanks to improved sanitation and testing, Pullorum is now rare in the United States.

For the sake of bird health and our state’s multi-million dollar poultry industry, it is very important that Washington keep its “Pullorum Clean” status.

Testing Requirements for Poultry Exhibits


WA State Dept. of Agriculture Resources to Reduce the Risk of Salmonella
3/12/13 -.submitted by Pat BoyEs

With chick and duck season nearly upon us, the WA State Dept. of Agriculture has developed a set of resources to educate poultry owners on taking proper precautions to prevent the spread of Salmonella.  These resources are free and should be made widely available to our 4-H families and club members who raise poultry.  Additionally, they can serve as excellent information in the preparation of public presentations. You can order the materials by calling WSDA at 1-800-606-3056 or visit their website at:

Resource4-H Guide to Raising Chickens Book Cover
A book is available from National 4-H Supply:
Author: Tara Kindschi
Raising chickens teaches more than animal husbandry. It's a hands-on chance to learn the character- and community-building principles and practices that 4-H is all about. And, of course, it's fun. This easy-to-follow, illustrated guide introduces beginners to the basics of how to raise chickens. Whether you're a 4-H'er, a first-time poultry owner, or a future egg farmer, The 4-H Guide to Raising Chickens provides step-by-step instructions for your project. From selecting a breed to caring for chicks, from housing and fencing to feeding and preventing or treating illness, the guide presents simple, straightforward information about chickens of all kinds, raised for pets, eggs, or meat. It also includes a glossary and list of resources.
Pages: 176
Price: $18.99


Poultry Resources
Poultry resources from the WSU Extension Veterinary Medicine site:
Click HERE


Chicken DVD
--Jean Smith

“Beginner's Guide to Raising and Showing Chickens” is an excellent 90 minute educational DVD that includes:

  1. Choosing chicks for a backyard flock or showing;
  2. Flock care;
  3. Showing chickens;
  4. Poultry showmanship & training;
  5. Butchering chickens (a section not for everyone.)

The DVD is $22, payment by check or money order should be made to:
FTV, LLC, and mailed to: FTV, LLC, attn: Chicken Video,
16654 Soledad Canyon Rd #382, Canyon Country, CA 91387, or you can purchase directly online using

"Bird" Flu

Click here for sources of information on Avian Influenza aka "Bird Flu."


Sheep & Goat

Northwest Junior Sheep Exposition
July 19 - 20, 2014

The 2014 Northwest Junior Sheep Exposition (NWJSE) will be held July 18-19 at the Grant County Fairgrounds in Moses Lake, Washington.  The show dates have been moved from the traditional Thursday and Friday event, to a Friday and Saturday event to accommodate more working family and to move events in conjunction with the Washington State Sheep Producers’ Ram and Ewe Sale.  The Junior Sheep Expo offers an excellent opportunity for young people from throughout the Pacific Northwest to showcase their sheep projects in a competitive, fun, and educational environment.  

According to the show’s President and lead organizer, Scott Mortimer of Wilson Creek Washington, “The Northwest Junior Sheep Exposition provides a unique and fun learning experience for all youth interested in sheep by combining the most current technology in animal science with the traditions of the past.”  This event will include classes for market lambs, prospect lambs, and breeding sheep. Other competitions include the Sheep Skill-A-Thon, which tests one’s knowledge and skill in sheep husbandry and educational displays.  The NWJSE uses ultrasound technology and an indexed appraisal system that promotes a more accurate and systematic market lamb evaluation and enhances the educational experience of exhibitors and spectators.

Due to the excellent financial support of several organizations and donors, over  

$2,000 in cash prizes and awards will be presented.  The show also precedes the Annual Ram and Ewe Sale sponsored by the Washington State Sheep Producers held on July 20 at the same location.

Exhibitors desiring to enter market lambs in the 2014 NWJSE should complete and return an entry form by May 1.  The entry deadline for feeder lambs, breeding sheep, educational exhibits, and other contests is June 15.  Premium booklets were sent to previous exhibitors.  Premium books and entry forms are also available on WSU Grant-Adams Area Extension web page at or under “Upcoming Events.”  Additional copies are also available by contacting Sarah Smith at 509-754-2011, Ext. 413 or by email at


Lamb Finish Tip Sheet & Video

Thanks to Susan Kerr, WSU NW Regional Livestock and Dairy Extension Specialist, for forwardeng this tip sheet and video link. Do you market lamb directly to consumers? Learn to use your hands to tell when a lamb is "finished." Tip Sheet



Scrapie - A Good topic for Sheep & Goat Project Meeting

Looking for information on Scrapie for your 4-H sheep & goat members, leaders, and parents? Click HERE for some sources!


Tail Docking Policy
All sheep shown at 4-H Youth shows should be docked in a manner that does not compromise the animal's health and well-being. As a working guideline we recommend that lambs be docked so that at the show the tail (dock) is long enough to be lifted. Moreover, the stress caused by docking increases with age, therefore docking should be performed early in life and certainly before the lambs are two weeks of age. The tail should be healed at the time of show and any animal that has been redocked, except for a medically justified reason, should be ineligible for show.
From "Tail Docking Policy Link" on the WSU 4-H Sheep Additional Project Information Page.

April 2012
Important Letter to Lincoln County Fair Exhibitors

Word        PDF


PED Virus in Pigs

On Feb. 20, 2014, the Washington State Department of Agriculture (WSDA) adopted an emergency rule requiring all swine entering the state to carry evidence the animals are free of the Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea (PED) virus, a disease which can make adult pigs ill and be fatal to suckling piglets. The new rule takes effect immediately and will remain in force for at least 120 days. Acting State Veterinarian Dr. Paul Kohrs has advised anyone planning to show their pigs in fairs or exhibits, including 4-H and FFA groups, to keep their swine apart during weigh-ins and tagging activities before the events.

On May 1, 2014, the WSDA published a MEMO that ALL swine leaders, parents, members, and fair superintendents should read.



Youth Swine Field Day
Saturday, March 22, 2014

9:30 a.m. to approximately 3:00 p.m.
Clarkston FFA Barn in Clarkston. 
Registration Flyer

The cost for each field day is $6, which includes lunch and handouts. Topics covered each day will include:  Health Care, Quality Assurance, Feeding and Nutrition, Selection of project animals, Fitting and Showing, and other topics.
Pre-registration is required.


Swine Flu

To protect yourself and others, It is important that you take precautions at the fair!

2013 Cases of Human Swine Flu (H3N2) Reported
Influenza A H3N2v or Variant H3N2 (swine flu) has been reported in four individuals who attended an Indiana County Fair.  Grant County (Indiana) Health Officials say all four individuals visited the fair prior to becoming ill and 2 had contact with swine. MORE


Swine Info from WPP

WA Pork Producers Newsletters:

More archived issues and other information availble at:

Selected Youth Related Articles from older issues:

Spring 08 page 5 (pdf) : Show Pig Costs

Summer 07 page 5 (pdf) - Feed costs, swine welfare, sunburn

Trouble downloading? Lincoln-Adams 4-H members or leaders who would like a hard copy of a Newsletter or article can contact Karen in the Ritzville Extension Office - 659-3209. 

Swine Clipping Rule

Many fairs and sales have a Swine Clipping Rule : similar to this: clip swine body hair NO LESS than 1/2 inch, No body shaving. ONLY cordless clippers allowed in the barn. Any swine clipped less than 1/2 inch will be disqualified from the show. The decision to disqualify a swine will be made by the swine superintendents. Head, ear and tail clipping are the exception to the above rule.

WHY?! Clipping makes hair removal during the butchering process difficult.  Typically, the carcass is scalded after slaughter, and then the hair is removed by scraping with tools similar to curry combs. If the hair is longer, it's easier to scrape clean. Cuts of meat that are smoked, like belly’s (for bacon) and hams, are left with the hide on, but nobody wants the hair on as well!

Clipping Hogs PDF

Swine Resources

Swine resources from the WSU Extension Veterinary Medicine site:
Click HERE

Swine Showmanship Basics

7/23/08 Sarah M. Smith
Some of you request to know what the judge will be looking for concerning Swine Showmanship.  Rusty Finch, one of the 2008 Grant County Fair, was gracious enough to provide the basics of what swine judges are looking for concerning Showmanship.  Here are the basics:

  1. Keep them moving.
  2. Clip hogs with a 3/4" guard.  Excessively hairy hogs are considered unfit.  For harvest  purposes, our packers (“turned” hog buyer has requested that hogs have a minimum of ¾”  hair on their body (does not include ears or tail).  Please maintain at lease ¾” hair length on the body of the pigs.
  3. Prefer the showman's stance and posture to be more upright rather than bent over.
  4. Showman will be expected to pen their hogs.
  5. Keep their eye on the judge.
  6. Light weight show crops (whips, pvc, plastics) are preferred over blunt wooden canes.

Sarah M. Smith
Area Extension Faculty--Animal Sciences
WSU Grant-Adams Extension

Articles on the "Young Pig" Resource Center
12/16/08 --Submitted by Susan Kerr
Click HERE to visit the Young Pig Resource Center, a great source for current news, research, resources and information about raising healthy young pigs on !

More Links to Swine Information:
Central WA Ag Team

Online Resources for Washington Pork Producers and Educators

10-24-06 -Jerry Newman
WSU Extension and the Department of Animal Science has partnered with the U.S. Pork Center of Excellence; National Pork Board; and over 20 other land-grant universities to develop an online resource with current, accurate and readily available information concerning pork production. This new system, called the Pork Information Gateway (PIG), will increase knowledge and will be valuable for Washington pork producers, managers, stakeholders and educators.

PIG is a virtual library with information from national swine researchers contained in over 200 fact sheets. Information has been developed for pork operations of all sizes and there is even a section for youth producers raising 4-H and FFA swine projects.

This valuable resource is free to anyone interested in the pork industry. People can access the site and register for a free account on the WSU PIG page that can be found at
Free registration allows visitors to search PIG for any topic they may need or are curious about.

A State 4-H Swine Project Page

Visit the Swine Project page, for project materials. Be sure and click on the "Additional Project Information" link for resources like "Swine Clipping."


Livestock Resources

Most files below are PDF. Some are Word.
Others are Web-Links.
Can't Opend PDF's? "Google" for "Free PDF Reader"
or try PDF Reader Link



Adams Co. Fair - Othello -
September 11- 14, 2013


Columbia Basin Jr. Livestock Show
September 12 - 14, 2013


Jr Livestock Show, Spokane -
April 30 - May 5, 2013

Lincoln-Adams 4-H Fair Page

Lincoln County Fair -
August 22 - 24, 2013

Spokane Interstate  -
September 6 - 15, 2013

Wheat Land Coummunities Fair -
Aug. 29 - Sept. 1, 2013

 WA State 4-H Fair - Puyallup     
 September 6 - 22, 2013   


PDF Reader Link

Market Livestock Health Records

Note: Last Revision - 2008. Check with the specific show, fair, or sale committee for form requirements.

WSU Extension
QA Health Record Forms

PDF Reader Link

  • Supplemental Health Record (Word)  (PDF)
    This supplemental form is suitable for youth producers raising their animals from birth or animals that suffer serious illness or injury that require additional record keeping entries for treatments or medicated feed.


*This page provides links to external sites for the convenience of users. These external sites are not managed by the WSU Extension. Furthermore, WSU Extension does not review, control or take responsibility for the content of these sites, nor do these sites implicitly or explicitly represent official positions and policies of WSU Extension. Reference to commercial services, non-4-H activities, products or trade names is made with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement by WSU Extension or 4-H is implied.

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Adams County Extension , 210 W Broadway, Suite 104, Ritzville, WA 99169-1894, 509-659-3209, Contact Us
Lincoln County Extension , PO Box 399, Davenport, WA 99122, 509-725-4171, Contact Us