Important Check List for Livestock Exhibiotrs
The Washington State Health Department recently sent a Biosecurity for Fairs/Exhibits Check List and other information to shows and fairs across Washington.
Lincoln and Adams WA 4-H leaders and members who are unable to download the checklist can request a hard copy from the Lincoln-Adams Extension Office. Karen at (509) 659-3209.
On July 29th, 2013, after 30+ years on the WSU faculty, Tom Platt, Area Livestock & Range Extension Educator based in Davenport, WA, retired.
Two WSU Extension Contacts for Livestock Questions:
Sarah Smith ~ 509-754-2011 ext 413 firstname.lastname@example.org
Don Llewellyn ~ 509-735-3551 email@example.com
Appropriate livestock related notices, information, and links will continue to be posted to this Lincoln-Adams WSU web site.
NE Regional Livestock Extension Specialist Candidate Presentations
Each candidate will give a 30-45 minute public presentation on how they would develop effective livestock/forage research and educational programs for NE Washington in today’s world of information overload. There will be 15-30 minutes for questions following the presentation. Live presentations will be Monday, July 14 & Tuesday, July 15 in Davenport, WA and on-line presentations will be Monday, July 14 and Wednesday, July 16. MORE
Videos & supplemental materials HERE.
NEW Livestock Pests Study Guide
Good resource for 4-H'ers doing presentations on livestock pests and for producers interested in descriptions and life cycles of livestock pests. It does not provide specific pesticide recommendations.
Most Fairs require PQA certification for exhibitors showing/selling swine. Some fairs, including the Wheat Land Communities Fair, require PQA training/certification for ALL market animal species exhibitors .
Youth Pork Quality Assurance Training Also Available On-Line.
Youth Without Internet Access can take PQA Plus Pass-Out Test At Extension Office:
Sarah M. Smith
MOUNT VERNON, Wash. – Free, voluntary, on-farm assessments will continue through March to help beef cow-calf producers across the state reduce the risk a deadly respiratory disease poses to their herds. Continue reading
This video is worth waiting for it to load!
It is a review of Washington State University Extension Low-Stress Cattle Handling training seminars featuring nationally recognized cattle handling expert and veterinarian Dr. Tom Noffsinger from Benkelman, Nebraska. The video features 8 sessions concerning the training; the importance & interest in low-stress handling; working with cattle instinct and natural behavior; how to greet cattle; how to communicate with cattle; preparing and training cattle; unloading a truck/trailer; and moving cattle in Bud Box. The video summaries low-stress handling concepts and techniques and shows animated computer graphic illustrations, and live cattle handling videos highlighting these concepts and techniques. The video is a result of funding from a WSU Extension Western Center for Risk Management.
Individuals can request a DVD copy sent to them or download information from Project Director Sarah M. Smith, WSU Extension Regional Specialist at firstname.lastname@example.org.
We are excited and delighted to share with you a new resource developed by WSU Extension Educator, Susan Kerr, on the very human youthful challenges and considerations when young people become involved in a livestock market project.
Leaders of 4-H Clubs with livestock members should receive a packet direct from Jr. Show the first week of January. If not, contact the Jr. Show Office at (509) 535-6737. Entries (including Demonstration and Livestock Judging Contests) due no later than April 10, 2014. Show dates: May 6 - 11, 2014. Some forms will be available on-line www.juniorshow.org
Market Livestock Health Forms
Remember to take a Market Livestock Health Form with you when you PURCHASE your animal! That way you won't have to track down the person who sold you your animal right before Fair!
Last year Tom Platt provided some information on Livestock & Horse Insurance. The contact information in this article has been updated. There may be other insurance companies that offer policies.
Grange Insurance no longer offers relatively inexpensive policies for project animals. Last year two companies that offered livestock and horse mortality insurance for project animals in the LIncoln-Adams WA area were: The Hartford and Country Mutual Insurance Company.
Please note: Reference to commercial services, non-4-H activities, products or trade names is made with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement by WSU Extension or 4-H is implied. This information is for your convenience only. There are links to external sites which are not managed by WSU Extension. Furthermore, WSU Extension does not review, control or take responsibility for the content of these sites, nor do these sites implicitly or explicitly represent official positions and policies of WSU Extension.
August 1, 2012
USDA Food Safety Inspection Service (FSIS) will initiate new drug residue testing methods on livestock presented for slaughter beginning this week.
The new testing methods allow FSIS to test for a wider variety of pharmaceuticals and other compounds used in livestock production and to do it more quickly and more accurately. FSIS inspectors are required to take random residue tests at the packing plant, and they also have the authority to target specific groups of livestock from certain farms or fairs that have a history of, or higher likelihood violative residues (chemical residue in meat that violate the law) than other livestock.
Although residue testing normally applies to animals slaughtered in Federally inspected plants, the law requires all livestock producers to employ proper use of animal pharmaceuticals and compounds and to observe withdrawal times specified on the product label whether or not the animals will be slaughtered under federal inspection or in custom plants that are not federally inspected.
Click on this article from WSU Director of Veterinary Extension, Dr. Dale Moore, gives more information on this topic. 4-H'ers who participate in a Pork Quality Assurance workshop (teaching materials are online here and here) or Dr. Moore's 4-H Quality Assurance module, also online, will better understand the violative drug residue issue and why it is so important to the livestock industry and the public's perception of the healthfulness of meat.
Dedicating a 4-H meeting or two to this topic is a great idea.
Livestock & Feed Prices
With the current high purchase prices for livestock as well as high feed prices, 4-H members, parents and leaders may need a little help to evaluate the economics of 4-H and FFA market livestock projects. Tom Platt has developed a "Market Livestock Calculator." It should be used as a planning tool prior to beginning the project, and again to evaluate the project after it is completed.
Does What We Feed Cattle Have an Effect on 0157 Shedding?
Presenter, David Smith, DVM, PhD, Professor, University of Nebraska, Lincoln, has studied the relationship of feedlot cattle and E coli O157:H7 shedding. He focuses this presentation on the role that cattle diet may or may not affect shedding rates in cattle and debunks some myths about the role of grain feeding.
Part of a series of WSU Extension Videos from the CAHNRS You Tube Channel
Interactive power point presentation, created by Dale Moore, DVM, MPVM, PhD, Washington State University, with audio voice over. Highlighted are some of the more common ‘mistakes’ that are made that can lead to meat and milk residues.
Housing Environments Module: “Providing clean and comfortable environments to optimize livestock health and well being.”
The latest newsletter from the WSU Extension Washington Animal Agriculture Team posted on-ine ist the Winter 2013 Quarterly Newsletter.
Topics covered in the spring newsletter include: Feeding Consideration for Livestock Owners, Feeding the Pregnant Cow for Optimal Calf Health, The Importance of Alfalfa and Alfalfa Variety Testing, and more.
Before he retired, Tom Platt designed a calculator to
help youngsters and their families evaluate the economics of 4-H
and FFA market livestock projects is available. It should be used
as a planning tool prior to beginning the project, and again to evaluate
the project after it is completed. CLICK
Longer Article by Sara M Smith
As we all are aware the basic costs of living has increased significantly in the past few years and many individuals have also faced difficult economic times during this time. The cost to raise agriculture commodities (corn, hay, potatoes, wheat, cattle, sheep, pigs, and goats) has also risen significantly in the past few years as equipment purchases/upkeep, feed, and fuel prices continue to rise. With these increased prices and depressed livestock prices, producers are experiencing a very tight profit margin and profit losses in the livestock industry.
So what does that mean for youth looking forward to being involved in a market animal project —It means two (2) things: 1) Youth and their parents cannot expect to pay the same amount for a project animal, feed, equipment, etc. as you paid 20 years ago, 2 years ago, or even a year ago. The cost to produce those product, be it a animal, feed, or equipment, has increased—so expect to pay more for them; and 2) Youth need to set down with their parents, leaders, and/or advisors and identify their resources, goals and production/show alternatives for being involved with a 4-H/FFA market animal project. Both youth and parents need to develop a plan for purchasing and raising a market animal that fits into their budget.
I don’t want to be accused of saying that the only reason to take a 4-H/FFA project animal is to make money—there are many important life skills that can be developed/learned from raising a food animal—responsibility, leadership, compassion, etc. However, in addition to these life skills, sound financial decision making is a critical life skill youth need to develop for future economic and personal success and satisfaction. Today, U.S. consumer debt is at an all time high and delinquency on credit card debt in American is at shocking rates.
For these reason—I challenge parents, exhibitors, and leaders\advisors to evaluate and review economic goals and financial losses or gains. Tom Platt, WSU Extension Educator from the Lincoln/Adams/Spokane Area, has developed an Excel spreadsheet youth can use to calculate expected expenses and income. The electronic publication, Youth Market Livestock Profit Calculator, is designed to help youth livestock producers and their families evaluate the economics of 4-H and FFA market livestock projects. It should be used as a planning tool prior to beginning the project and again to evaluate the project after it is completed. Even if parents or another person purchases feed or parts of the projects, calculate those expenses against your income. In addition, calculate what your animal was “really” worth using the “true market value” (the turned or floor value)—that is the price most of our livestock producers are receiving for the animals they are producing to feed the world. This will help everyone recognize the real world value of food animals and of the “generous gift” you are receiving when you sell your animal through the 4-H/FFA program.
There is a Quality Assurance Module! It introduces the subject of quality assurance and why it is important for youth to meet quality assurance standards while raising 4-H livestock. Youth who raise livestock take on a producer role in the food supply continuum which includes the responsibility of providing safe and wholesome products for consumers. This module is a great way to learn about quality assurance while motivating leaders to equip youth livestock producers!
The Disease Prevention Module covers bio-security practices and how they can be used to reduce the risk of contracting and spreading diseases while raising 4-H livestock. It is a great way to learn disease prevention while providing you with inspiration and teaching ideas so you can bring these concepts to youth in your county! If you have no or slow internet access, this module is also on a DVD that Lincoln-Adams volunteers can check out by contacting Karen or call 659-3209 or 725-4171.
For these training modules and more resources: http://vetextension.wsu.edu/programs/4-H/index.htm
Market Livestock Health Issues
The WSU Veterinary Medicine Extension site is a good place to visit for up to date information related to ag. animal health.
Issues of the Livestock Roundup , published by WSU's Washington Animal Ag Team, is available online at http://www.animalag.wsu.edu/newsletters/index.html
This electronic newsletter is published by the Central Washington Animal Agriculture Team, comprised of Washington State University Extension educators in the fields of animal science, range management, agronomy, and entomology.
Don't wait till Fair Time to fill out your QA Marktet Health Form!! Take a blank form with you when your PURCHASE your animal!
The Market Animal Health Record Forms, revised in 2008, satisfy most Fair Livestock Sale QA Health Record and.Country of Origin Labeling, (COOL) record requiements
In order to provide an Affidavit of Country of Origin, 4-H’ers should do the following:
4-H’ers who raise their own meat animals
should originate the Affidavit of Country of
Fair Livestock Judging Contest Teams
Click HERE for more Fair Info
8/7/07 - Sarah M. Smith
Some of the stress factors that can compromise an animal’s health and the ability to maintain health are: travel, confinement, temperature/humidity changes, nutritional changes (both diet and water supply), contact with animals and other pathogen (disease) challenges, activity requirements (transportation, grooming, and showing), and excessive handling by outside individuals.
Win a 4-H pencil! e-mail Karen if you read this!
Take precaustions to prevent the spread of swine flu MORE
Lincoln-Adams 4-H'ers please note: Single species judging contests are great opportunities to practice judging & decision making skills. However, to qualify for State Fair Livestock Judging - contests must include beef, sheep AND swine. The extension office must receive complete results from 4-H Judging Contests to be counted towards qualification for State Fair. More Info
Because the tutorials are short video clips, a high speed internet connection is necessary to view them. DSL, wireless, or satellite connection should work fine, but dial-up connections will not. If you don't have a high speed internet connection at home, try the school, library, or a friend in town.
Elite Livestock Judging was kind enough to let our entire Lincoln-Adams-Spokane area 4-H livestock program register for a single subscription fee. So that this courtesy is not abused, I ask that all of you to do your best to keep the login credentials within our two counties. Log-in information was sent to the Lincoln-Adams 4-H Listserve. If you did not receive, and are an enrolled Lincoln or Adams 4-H member or leader, contact Karen Robertson for the Login email and password.
We hope you enjoy Elite Livestock Judging. Let us hear from you about your experience with the web site.
4/18/12 Additonal Livestock Judging Resources
Here is a list of additional Livestock Judging Resources.
Use this revised publication at a livestock
project meeting: Make
a Rope Halter (pdf)
Susan R. Kerr, DVM, PhD
Feed Cost Impacts 4-H/FFA Livestock Projects
Click HERE for Article has good information, even though it was written a couple of years ago.
Sheep, Swine, Goat, Horse References
Info for 4-H/Youth Producers:
4-H On-line Animal Project Videos
Jefferson County 4-H posts short video and audio clips on their web site. If you have high speed internet, click over to this page for their collection of media related to 4-H animal projects:
- Judging beef heifers
- Judging meat goats
- Insights on the 4-H horse project from a judge
- More! To see more Jefferson County 4-H web media, go to their home page at:
The Washington Department of Agriculture (WSDA) is encourages all
livestock producers, including small farms and youth producers, to
register their premise as part of the voluntary National Animal Identification
System (NAIS). Click HERE For
for more information.
Animal Disease Traceability
On February 5, 2010, USDA announced a new, flexible framework for animal disease traceability in the United States.
The framework will provide the basic tenets of an improved animal disease traceability capability in the United States.
Taking your animal off the farm?
Taking your animal to a workshop, clinic, or show, may be a good way to get hands-on practice prior to a fair. And the fair experience, may be one of your primary goals. However, there are Health Risks. The commingling of animals of different species, breeds, and ages, from multiple premises and herd management backgrounds creates an environment for potential exposure and spread of animal diseases. Responsible animal owners need to implement practices before, during, and after clinics, fairs, & sales to protect their animals. Check with your leader or veterinarian for advice on taking YOUR specific animal(s) to events.
Please review the WSDA- BioSecurity Checklist for Livestock Exhibitors.
Washington 4-H Program Policy
Washington State University Extension revised and
4-H Program Policy, publication EM0758 in July 2008. This
publication outlines Washington 4-H program and mission and also
defines the procedureand policy for membership, organization of
4-H clubs, types of enrollment, volunteer staff, activity and events
requirements, animal management and ownership, safety, and relationship
with other organizations. This is an excellent publication to have
on hand to answer questions pertaining to enrollment
eligibility, fund raising requirements,
and equirements concerning the management
and ownership of livestock. Please discard
old versions of this publication and take time to review
this updated version.
Bursal Disease Outbreak
In California, Dr. Maurice Pitesky (University of California, Davis, Cooperative Extension poultry specialist) has reported that transmission has been linked to exhibition poultry purchased from Craig's list. Information on vvIBDV can be found at the California CVMA and WSU AHFS lab facebook web sites below.https://www.facebook.com/AvianHealthFoodSafetyLaboratory
Pullorum Testing for Fair Poultry Exhibits
3/10/14 - Salmonella pullorum causes a serious disease of poultry called Pullorum. This disease can kill chickens, turkeys, and other birds; young birds are especially at risk. Those birds that survive carry the disease and can pass it to other birds, even passing the disease to their young through infected eggs. The bacteria is also spread when birds inhale infected dust or contact infected incubators shipping materials, brooders or any areas where infected birds have been. Thanks to improved sanitation and testing, Pullorum is now rare in the United States.
For the sake of bird health and our state’s multi-million dollar poultry industry, it is very important that Washington keep its “Pullorum Clean” status.
WA State Dept. of Agriculture Resources to Reduce the Risk of Salmonella
With chick and duck season nearly upon us, the WA State Dept. of Agriculture has developed a set of resources to educate poultry owners on taking proper precautions to prevent the spread of Salmonella. These resources are free and should be made widely available to our 4-H families and club members who raise poultry. Additionally, they can serve as excellent information in the preparation of public presentations. You can order the materials by calling WSDA at 1-800-606-3056 or visit their website at: www.agr.wa.gov/foodanimal/avianhealth.
The DVD is $22, payment by check or money order should
be made to:
Click here for sources of information on Avian Influenza aka "Bird Flu."
Northwest Junior Sheep Exposition
July 19 - 20, 2014
The 2014 Northwest Junior Sheep Exposition (NWJSE) will be held July 18-19 at the Grant County Fairgrounds in Moses Lake, Washington. The show dates have been moved from the traditional Thursday and Friday event, to a Friday and Saturday event to accommodate more working family and to move events in conjunction with the Washington State Sheep Producers’ Ram and Ewe Sale. The Junior Sheep Expo offers an excellent opportunity for young people from throughout the Pacific Northwest to showcase their sheep projects in a competitive, fun, and educational environment.
Due to the excellent financial support of several organizations and donors, over
$2,000 in cash prizes and awards will be presented. The show also precedes the Annual Ram and Ewe Sale sponsored by the Washington State Sheep Producers held on July 20 at the same location.
Exhibitors desiring to enter market lambs in the 2014 NWJSE should complete and return an entry form by May 1. The entry deadline for feeder lambs, breeding sheep, educational exhibits, and other contests is June 15. Premium booklets were sent to previous exhibitors. Premium books and entry forms are also available on WSU Grant-Adams Area Extension web page at http://grant-adams.wsu.edu or http://animalag.wsu.edu under “Upcoming Events.” Additional copies are also available by contacting Sarah Smith at 509-754-2011, Ext. 413 or by email at email@example.com.
Lamb Finish Tip Sheet & Video
Thanks to Susan Kerr, WSU NW Regional Livestock and Dairy Extension Specialist, for forwardeng this tip sheet and video link. Do you market lamb directly to consumers? Learn to use your hands to tell when a lamb is "finished." Tip Sheet
Scrapie - A Good topic for Sheep & Goat Project Meeting
Looking for information on Scrapie for your 4-H sheep & goat members, leaders, and parents? Click HERE for some sources!
Tail Docking Policy
PED Virus in Pigs
On Feb. 20, 2014, the Washington State Department of Agriculture (WSDA) adopted an emergency rule requiring all swine entering the state to carry evidence the animals are free of the Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea (PED) virus, a disease which can make adult pigs ill and be fatal to suckling piglets. The new rule takes effect immediately and will remain in force for at least 120 days. Acting State Veterinarian Dr. Paul Kohrs has advised anyone planning to show their pigs in fairs or exhibits, including 4-H and FFA groups, to keep their swine apart during weigh-ins and tagging activities before the events.
On May 1, 2014, the WSDA published a MEMO that ALL swine leaders, parents, members, and fair superintendents should read.
Youth Swine Field Day
The cost for each field day is $6, which includes lunch and handouts. Topics covered each day will include: Health Care, Quality Assurance, Feeding and Nutrition, Selection of project animals, Fitting and Showing, and other topics.
To protect yourself and others, It is important that you take precautions at the fair!
2013 Cases of Human Swine Flu (H3N2) Reported
WA Pork Producers Newsletters:
More archived issues and other information availble at:
Selected Youth Related Articles from older issues:
Spring 08 page 5 (pdf) : Show Pig Costs
Summer 07 page 5 (pdf) - Feed costs, swine welfare, sunburn
Trouble downloading? Lincoln-Adams 4-H members or leaders who would like a hard copy of a Newsletter or article can contact Karen in the Ritzville Extension Office
Many fairs and sales have a Swine Clipping Rule : similar to this: clip swine body hair NO LESS than 1/2 inch, No body shaving. ONLY cordless clippers allowed in the barn. Any swine clipped less than 1/2 inch will be disqualified from the show. The decision to disqualify a swine will be made by the swine superintendents. Head, ear and tail clipping are the exception to the above rule.
WHY?! Clipping makes hair removal during the butchering process difficult. Typically, the carcass is scalded after slaughter, and then the hair is removed by scraping with tools similar to curry combs. If the hair is longer, it's easier to scrape clean. Cuts of meat that are smoked, like belly’s (for bacon) and hams, are left with the hide on, but nobody wants the hair on as well!
Swine Showmanship Basics
7/23/08 Sarah M. Smith
Sarah M. Smith
files below are PDF. Some are Word.
Others are Web-Links.
|Can't Opend PDF's? "Google" for "Free PDF Reader"|
|4-H / FFA||GOATS|
|FAIRS & Shows||SHEEP|
Co. Fair - Othello -
Columbia Basin Jr. Livestock Show
Note: Last Revision - 2008. Check with the specific show, fair, or sale committee for form requirements.
*This page provides links to external sites for the convenience of users. These external sites are not managed by the WSU Extension. Furthermore, WSU Extension does not review, control or take responsibility for the content of these sites, nor do these sites implicitly or explicitly represent official positions and policies of WSU Extension. Reference to commercial services, non-4-H activities, products or trade names is made with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement by WSU Extension or 4-H is implied.